Investing 101: A Beginner’s Guide to Investing


Investors generally think very carefully before they throw their money behind a particular fund. When it comes to making an investment, you need to weigh the risks and rewards of the investment thoroughly. Prudent investors are never emotional when it comes to money. They only look for ways in which they can multiply their money. The value of your investment can either go up or down. If you are making a long-term investment, it is important that you consider the position of the market before you make a division.

Becoming a prudent investor is not an easy task. There are hundreds of different complex terms that you need to understand. For instance, understanding risk ratings of different funds is very important. Risk ratings generally determine the level of exposure of your investment. If you are investing your money in a fund that has a higher risk rating, you may end up losing a lot of it. On the other hand, if your investment pays off, you might end up winning big. Being an adventurous investor isn’t a wise idea, however. You may end up losing a lot more money than you make in the long run. Here are a few things that you should consider before investing your money.

Risk Management

The first step is to determine what type of investor you are. Here are a few questions that you should answer first:

  • What do you want to achieve with your investment? Do you want a greater holding in a company? Or, do you only want to multiply your profits?
  • What’s your risk threshold? Risk ratings generally span from 1 to 7. 1 means very low risk, and it’s primarily for investors who do not want to take any major risks and lose their money. Obviously, low risk means lower returns. On the other hand, 7 means very high risk, which also means very high returns if the investment pays off. The value of your investment may fluctuate drastically in the short term, especially if you choose a 7 risk rating.

Investing Basics

Most aspiring investors spend a lot of time studying charts and reading financial data of different funds before making a decision. However, you should know that past performance is not a reliable indicator of a fund’s future performance. Similarly, if you are investing in an international fund, you should create a provision for the fluctuation in currency rates. If you feel that the value of your investment is going to tank in the future, it might be a wise idea to take a small loss and withdraw your money, rather than wait for the investment to fall further. Many people often lose all of the money that they invest, just because they don’t withdraw their funds at the right time.